Edward Hughes Glidden (1873 – 1924) architect of many well-known Baltimore apartment buildings including The Washington Apartments, The Marlborough Apartments, Tudor Hall and The Esplanade Apartments. Also designer of the Sydenham Hospital, the Seventh Baptist Church, the Furness-Withy Building and several public schools.
Glidden was a native of Cleveland, OH and was the nephew of Francis Harrington Glidden, a founder of The Glidden Company, a manufacturer of paints and varnishes. Edward Hughes Glidden studied architecture in Cleveland and later at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris.
By the late 1890s Glidden came to Baltimore to work as an engineer for the contractors of the “new” courthouse designed by Wyatt & Nolting. Glidden largely supervised the courthouse’s construction until its completion in 1899.
After completion of the courthouse, Glidden designed his first beaux-arts apartment building in Baltimore, The Mount Royal (1899) located at 101-103 Mt. Royal Avenue. Glidden went on to design several more beaux-arts apartment homes in the city including Earl Court (1903), The Washington Apartments (1905), Rochambeau Apartments (1905) and The Marlborough Apartments (1906).
In 1903 Glidden filed for bankruptcy protection after the value of stock that he borrowed against depreciated greatly. However, Glidden’s reputation as a talented architect was solidified as his beaux-arts apartment buildings were some of the most desirable residences in the city. Famous residents of The Marlborough Apartments included art collectors, Claribel and Etta Cone. Bessie Wallis Warfield (later known as Wallis Warfield Simpson) was a resident of Earl Court and later, Former Governor Albert Ritchie resided in The Washington Apartments.
In the years 1906-1910 Glidden and his wife traveled to Europe for Glidden to study further at the famed Ecole de Beaux-Arts in Paris. Presumably Glidden also toured the surrounding continent and its architecture while overseas for such an extended period.
Upon returning to Baltimore, Glidden partnered with architect Clyde Nelson Friz from 1911-1913 and the firm was known as Glidden & Friz. Although Glidden & Friz was a short-lived partnership, they were able in three short years to design and construct five grand iconic apartment buildings in a variety of architectural revival styles. These buildings include: Tudor Hall, The Homewood, The Latrobe, Canterbury Hall and The Esplanade.
After his partnership with Friz dissolved, Glidden continued to work in Baltimore and completed some of his most prestigious works including Calvert Court (1915), Furness-Withy Building (1917), and Sydenham Hospital (1922-24).
The Furness Withy Building (1917) is a departure from Glidden’s favored revival and beaux-arts styles. Commissioned by the London-based steamship company, Furness-Withy, the building (also known as Furness House) was built in the style of eighteenth century British architects Robert and James Adam. The neo-classical building is replete with Palladian windows, ornamental swags and urns.
Sydenham Hospital, located near Lake Montebello, is comprised of several Italian Renaissance style buildings on a sprawling campus connected by walkways and courtyards harmonized by arched colonnades. The buff brick buildings are tastefully ornamented with stone and terra cotta accents.
Throughout his life in Baltimore, Glidden lived in many of the various buildings that he designed. His residences included The Mount Royal, The Cecil, Canterbury Hall and The Homewood Apartments where he lived from 1915 until his death in 1924.
Glidden was a member of the Baltimore Chapter of The American Institute of Architects. He married Pauline Boucher in 1899 and had three children, one of which, Edward Hughes Glidden, Jr., was also an architect.
A Selection of Glidden’s Baltimore Buildings:
- The Mount Royal, 1899, 101-103 E. Mt. Royal Avenue
- The Cecil (with Myers), 1902, 1123 N. Eutaw St.
- Earl Court, 1903, 1301 St. Paul St.
- The Washington Apartments, 1905, NW corner Washington and Mount Vernon Places
- The Seventh Baptist Church, 1905, NW North Ave. & St. Paul St.
- Rochambeau Apartments, 1905 (demolished in 2006), 1 West Franklin St.
- Marlborough Apartments, 1906, 1701 Eutaw Place
- The Homewood (with Clyde N. Friz), 1911, Charles & 31st Streets
- The Latrobe Building (with Clyde N. Friz), 1911, 2 East Read St.
- Tudor Hall (with Clyde N. Friz), 1911, 501 W. University Parkway
- Canterbury Hall (with Clyde N. Friz), 1912, 100 West 39th St.
- The Esplanade Apartments (with Clyde N. Friz), 1912, 2601 Madison Avenue
- Calvert Court, 1915, 3024 N. Calvert St.
- Furness-Withy Building, 1917, 19 South St.
- Private Residences, 1917, Waldheim Street, Walbrook
- School #65, 1919, Poplar Grove St.
- Private Residence, 1920, 8 Bishops Rd.
- Sydenham Hospital, 1922-24, Argonne Drive / Lake Montebello
Other Notable Projects:
- Wendell Mansions, 1906, 2339 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Washington, D.C.
- Glidden House, 1910, Cleveland, OH